Authors Guidelines


Authors Guidelines

  1. Introduction

Tanzanian Economic Review (TER) is a biannual journal of the University of Dar es Salaam School of Economics (UDSoE). TER aims to promote greater understanding of socio-economic factors and processes that influence and shape transformation of developing countries. The Journal is not limited to the Tanzanian Economy, it covers all aspects of Economics and Economic Transformation in developing countries. The Journal’s Key words are; economic trends, economic transformation, socio-economic factors, growth and development.

The journal accepts articles of full length of not more than 10,000 words. Short outstanding articles of not less than 3,000 words and book reviews are also accepted. The title of the article should appear on the first page of the manuscript. For anonymity purpose, the author’s name or any other identifications must not appear on any page of the manuscript.  However, a separate sheet bearing the name(s) of the author(s), the title of the article, contact addresses, and a short biographical note should be attached during submission. The article must include an abstract of not more than 150 words. The manuscript must be prepared in double-space, with the standard margins and page numbers. Manuscripts should be submitted to the management only through TER online submission link, All manuscripts should be prepared and submitted in Microsoft word format.

  1. Peer review process

TER uses a double-blind peer review process. First, a manuscript goes through the in-house review to make sure it conforms to the scope and policies of the journal, and that it is of the required standard. If the manuscript qualifies, the Managing Editor sends it out to two anonymous reviewers. The reviewers are provided TER review guidelines to check the quality of manuscript, and then comment on its scholarly content, structure, originality and language. The review process can take up to two months. Depending on the outcome of the review process, the author will be required to undertake minor or major corrections as suggested by the reviewers. In case major corrections are suggested, the author is supposed to resubmit the revised work and this will be sent back to the same reviewers for vetting. Note that in some cases, the manuscript may be rejected.  Once the review process is done, the editors make the final decision.

  1. Warning on plagiarism and any other publication malpractices

TER strictly requires its authors to adhere to the international standards of publication ethics. All manuscripts undergo plagiarism test through Turnitin software to make sure the article has not been published or copied from an article that is published elsewhere. TER will reject any plagiarized material or a manuscript submitted with any sort of malpractice. In addition, it is against the TER policy to submit a manuscript to both TER and any other outlet(s) at the same time (i.e., having the manuscript under review in more than one journal within the same period). Should the author wish to submit his/her manuscript elsewhere, must first withdraw the article from the TER review process.  

TER reserves the right to withdraw any published article that is discovered to have involved any research and publication malpractices.   

  1. Manuscript preparation Style

It is the responsibility of authors to ensure that their manuscripts strictly adhere to the guided style. Manuscripts which do not conform to the required style will not be accepted. A guide to style is as follows:

  1. The manuscript should be double-spaced. All text must be in Times New Roman font type, size 12. The text should be justified indent except for the only article title on the first page that should be centered.
  2. All title should be in title case format. Footnotes to the text should be kept to a minimum. Tables, figures and illustrations should be placed in the text (black and white) and must convey their full meaning independent of text.
  • A separate sheet with the article title, author(s) name(s), institutional affiliation, position, email addresses, maximum of 6 key words and JEL classification code(s) should be submitted.
  1. The title of the article should appear on the top of the first page of the uploaded manuscript (without name(s), affiliations and addresses) to make it easy to send manuscripts anonymously to reviewers.
  2. The article should include an abstract of not more than 200 words, and should be limited to 10,000 words including abstract, tables, figures, notes and references or bibliography.
  3. Electronic manuscripts should be submitted in two versions; one in PDF and the other in Microsoft Word for Windows.
  • Authors are responsible to ensure that their papers are readable and their scientific content is fully understood by the editors and reviewers. It is therefore advisable for authors to send their papers to professional language editors before submission.
  • Section titles, headings and sub-headings should be in bold with number bullets that do not exceed 3-levels for the sub-headings. Use headline styles for titles, headings and sub-headings. There should be one line space between the sub-heading and last line of the previous section. The first paragraph under sub-heading comes directly under sub-heading without extra line spacing.
  1. Care should be taken in presenting mathematical expressions. Subscripts and superscripts must be exactly placed and clearly marked. Identify Greek letters and unusual symbols by writing their names in the margin, and circling them at the first occurrence in the paper. Equation number should be placed at the right margin.
  2. Avoid plagiarizing. We test plagiarism for all papers, and strictly, no uptake of any plagiarized manuscripts for TER.
  3. In-text Citations should be as follows:
  4. i)      Published works

In-text citations should be indicated in the text by giving the author’s surname name, with the year of publication in brackets, e.g., Greenspan (2020) or (Greenspan, 2010) or (Greenspan et al., 2015) depending on place of citation in the sentence.

  1. ii)       Newspapers

Cited as for example (Daily News, 05.08.2016).

iii)      Quotations

All quotations, except those set off from the text by indents, should be enclosed by quotation marks. Quotes over three lines in length, indent, single-space, and do not use quotation marks for the block citations. Single quotation marks should be used only for quotations within quotations.

Example of use of quotation marks:

As Johnson (2014) said, “… domestic demand externalizes the product to the world market”


As Johnson (2014) explained:

Nominal rigidity changes how disturbances other than monetary shocks affect the economy. Thus, it affects our understanding of the effects of nonmonetary changes. Because nominal rigidity has such strong effects and is so central to understanding important features of fluctuations, most modern business-cycle models include some form of nominal rigidity.

When analyzing real rigidity, nominal rigidity is taken as given and then investigate its effects. We begin with the extreme case where nominal prices are not just less than fully flexible, but completely fixed.

  1. End of Article References

All references cited in the text should be listed in full at the end of the paper. The reference section should be below the conclusion of the article. Authors must be absolutely sure that all reference information is complete. References should be in the following standard Harvard Referencing Guide form:

Journal Articles

One Author article

Mrisho, O. 2013. “Unemployment and Social Security Challenges in Niger”, International Journal of Social Sciences, vol. 3 no. 7, pp 146–15

Two authors’ article

Mosses, A. & Amon, V. 2009. “Mentoring circles in higher education”, Higher Education Research Journal, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 123-133.


More than two authors’ article

Harrison, H., Baron, Y. & McDonald, R. 2011. “Economic Impact of Online Business in Madagascar”, International Journal of Economics vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 1172-1183.


James, R. 2009. Gender Equality and Economic Performance, Offord University Press. 

Chapter in edited book

Wegner C. 2010. “Migration and urbanization in Democratic Republic of the Congo”, in W. R. Chan, L. Chua, M. Rajan & T. Munsell (eds), Democracy and Liberalism in the Great Lakes Region, McGraw-Hill, Boston, pp. 261-280.


Mario J. L. 2001. “Welfare Effects of Taxes in Tanzania”, Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam.

Newspapers or magazine article

Robertson, F. & Colton, S. 2018. “Economic Downturn in Eastern Africa”, Daily News, 20 November, p. 6.

Official Publications

United Republic of Tanzania, 2002. Household Budget Survey 2000/2001: Final Report, President Office – Planning and Privatization, Dar es Salaam.

Unpublished Sources

Morris, M. 1995. Households Perceptions on Domestic Content of Public Infrastructure Projects, (unpublished article), Dar es Salaam.

Website references

World Travel and Tourism Council, 2017. Travel and Tourism: Economic Impact 2017 - Tanzania, Retrieved in May 2018 from…2017/tanzania2017.pdf.


URT, 2016. National five-year development plan, 2016/17–2020/2021, Retrieved in June 2020 from